Category Archives: SPACE ANOMALIES

Is It Possible To Send Astronauts To Venus In The Future?

Venus, often called Earth’s “evil twin” planet, formed closer to the Sun and has since evolved quite differently from our own planet. It has a “runaway” greenhouse effect (meaning heat is completely trapped), a thick carbon-dioxide-rich atmosphere, no magnetic field and a surface hot enough to melt lead.

Several uncrewed scientific missions will study how and why that happened in the next decade. But now some scientists want to send a crewed mission there as well for a flyby. Is that a good idea?

With a slightly smaller diameter than Earth, Venus orbits closer to the Sun. This means that any water on the surface would have evaporated shortly after its formation, starting its greenhouse effect.

Early and sustained volcanic eruptions created lava plains and increased the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere – starting the runaway greenhouse effect, which increased the temperature from just a little higher than Earth’s to its current high value of 475C.

While the Venus year is shorter than ours (225 days), its rotation is very slow (243 days) and “retrograde” – the other way round to Earth. The slow rotation is related to a lack of magnetic field, resulting in a continuing loss of atmosphere. Venus’ atmosphere “super-rotates” faster than the planet itself. Images from many missions show V-shaped patterns of clouds, composed of sulphuric acid droplets.

Despite the harsh conditions, some scientists have speculated that Venus’ clouds might at some altitudes harbour habitable conditions. Recent measurements apparently showing phosphine – a potential sign of life as it is continuously produced by microbes on Earth – in Venus’ clouds have been strongly debated. Clearly, we need more measurements and exploration to work out where it comes from.

Future missions

What we know about Venus so far has been gathered from several past probes. In 1970-82, for example, the Soviet Venera 7-14 probes were able to land on Venus’ harsh surface, survive for up to two hours and send back images and data.

But there are remaining questions about how Venus evolved so differently from Earth, which are also relevant for understanding which planets orbiting other stars may harbour life.

The next decade promises to be a bonanza for Venus scientists. In 2021, Nasa selected two missions, Veritas and DaVinci+, due for launch in 2028-30. The European Space Agency selected EnVision for launch in the early 2030s. These are complementary, uncrewed missions which will give us deeper understanding of Venus’ environment and evolution.

Veritas will map Venus’ surface to determine the geological history, rock composition and the importance of early water. DaVinci+ includes an orbiter and a small probe that will descend through the atmosphere and measure its composition, study the planet’s formation and evolution and determine whether it ever had an ocean.

EnVision will study the planet’s surface, subsurface and atmospheric trace gases. It will use radar to map the surface with better resolution than ever before. India also plans an uncrewed mission, Shukrayaan-1, and Russia has proposed Venera-D.

Do we need crewed flybys?

The idea of a crewed flyby of Venus was suggested in the late 1960s, and involved using an Apollo capsule to fly people around the planet. But this idea ended when Apollo finished. Now, the Artemis project to fly around the Moon, and other ideas of crewed missions, have led to the idea being floated again, most recently in journal papers and at a recent meeting of the International Astronautical Federation, an advocacy organisation, in September 2022.

The idea would be to fly a crewed spacecraft around Venus and return to Earth. This would allow scientists to test deep-space techniques such as how to operate a crewed mission with significant time delays when communicating with Earth.

It could therefore prepare us for a more complex, crewed mission to Mars. However, the crew wouldn’t do any landing or actual atmosphere investigation at Venus – the conditions are way too harsh.

The researchers who back this idea argue that you could also use Venus’ gravity to alter the spacecraft’s course for Mars, which could save time and energy compared with going directly from Earth to Mars.


That’s because the latter option would require the orbits of the two planets to be aligned, meaning you’d have to wait for the right moment both on the way there and back. However, as a crewed mission to Mars would be highly complex, going directly from Earth to Mars would keep designs simpler.

Sending humans to a planet that may harbour living organisms also won’t make it easier to find them. It is risky – we may end up contaminating the atmosphere before we discover any life. The best way to look for biochemical signs of life is with uncrewed probes. There would also be significant thermal challenges and higher radiation from solar flares due to closer proximity to the Sun.

And, unfortunately, with a flyby mission like this, only a few hours of data would be possible on the inbound and outbound trajectories. It would be a highly expensive venture, which would no doubt produce some amazing imagery and useful additional data. However, this would add little to the detailed and much longer bespoke studies currently planned. I, therefore, believe the likelihood of a crewed mission to Venus is very unlikely.

There have also been conceptual, more far-fetched studies – including sending crewed airships to hover in Venus’ atmosphere, rather than just flying by. This is a nice idea, which may achieve more science than a flyby, but it remains a distant and unrealistic concept for now.

For the moment, we only carry out crewed exploration in low-Earth orbit. The Artemis project, however, aims to fly people around the Moon and build a station, called Gateway, in lunar orbit.

This is being designed to do science, enable crewed landings on the Moon and crucially to test deep space techniques such as refuelling and operating in a remote environment that could in the long run help get us to Mars without doing training at Venus.

Andrew Coates, Professor of Physics, Deputy Director (Solar System) at the Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UCL

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Plasma-based Life in the Universe: Another Look at what Can Be Called Life

Plasma-based life is hypothetical life based on what is sometimes called the “fourth state of matter”. The possibility of such non-corporeal life is a common theme in science fiction.

However, in September 2003, physicists managed to create plasma clots that can grow, reproduce and communicate, which meets most of the traditional requirements for biological cells.

With no genetic material in their composition, they cannot be called alive, but researchers believe that these curious spheres may offer a radical new explanation for how life began.

Most biologists believe that living cells arose as a result of a complex and long evolution of chemicals, which took millions of years, starting from simple molecules through amino acids, primitive proteins, and finally forming an organized structure.

But if Mircea Sandulovich and his colleagues at Cuza University in Romania are right, then the theory may need to be revised.

They argue that cell-like self-organization can occur in a few microseconds. The researchers studied environmental conditions similar to those that existed on Earth before the dawn of life, when the planet was engulfed in electrical storms that caused plasma to form in the atmosphere.

They inserted two electrodes into a chamber containing a low-temperature plasma of argon, a gas in which some atoms are split into electrons and charged ions. They applied a high voltage to the electrodes, causing an arc of energy to shoot through the gap between them like a miniature lightning bolt.

Sandulovich says that this electrical spark caused a high concentration of ions and electrons on the positively charged electrode, which spontaneously formed spheres.

Each sphere had a boundary consisting of two layers – an outer layer of negatively charged electrons and an inner layer of positively charged ions. Inside the boundary there was an inner core of gas atoms.

The amount of energy in the initial spark determined their size and lifespan. Sandulovich managed to grow spheres from a few micrometers to three centimeters in diameter. A clear boundary layer that delimits and separates an object from its environment is one of the four main criteria commonly used to define living cells.

Sandulovich decided to find out if his cells met other criteria: the ability to replicate, transmit information, metabolism and growth.

He found that the spheres could replicate, splitting into two parts. Under the right conditions, they also grew in size, absorbing neutral argon atoms and splitting them into ions and electrons to replenish their boundary layers.

Finally, they could transmit information by emitting electromagnetic energy, causing the atoms inside other spheres to vibrate at a certain frequency.

Spheres are not the only self-organizing systems that meet all these requirements. But they are the first gaseous “cells”. Sandulovich even believes that they may have been the first cells on Earth, originating in electrical storms.

“The emergence of such spheres is probably a prerequisite for biochemical evolution,” he says.

This research raises the intriguing possibility that life throughout the universe may have a much broader basis than is commonly acknowledged.

If life in plasma can arise naturally, then the places of its search can be the outer layers or interiors of stars (the Sun), the magnetospheres of planets, regions of high temperatures, and even ball lightning.

Astronomers have discovered two large domed objects on the Earth’s satellite

There are several theories about the population of the Moon by intelligent beings. Some researchers believe that people already live and work on the earth’s satellite.

Now it is reported about the discovered abandoned settlement between two craters – Paracelsus and Aitken.

Alas, there is little to make out in the photographs, but several dozen ufologists and astronomers are sure that there is a domed structure that reflects light, which is why it is hard to see in the photographs.

For the first time, NASA learned about this mysterious object in 1972. Since then, attempts have been made to scrutinize it. Several lunar vehicles were sent to the specified area.

The results of those missions are classified, but, as is often the case, former employees of the agency are prone to information leaks, so the public learned about the details of these studies.

The source for the following images is fron the USGS {United States Geological Survey} joint NASA website providing raw images for scientific studies. Click here for original photo.

Academic science has confirmed the presence of two (according to some sources – three) mysterious domed objects on the moon.

Of course these structures can be of natural origin. Nature is amazingly diverse and almost everything is within its power. According to one version these formations are just bizarrely shaped craters. There is an even more mundane explanation – visual deception, the play of light and shadow together create the illusion of a large dome.

But there are other versions.

The structures, which were spotted on NASA’s maps, were supposedly made by a species of aliens called ‘Greys’, which are supposedly a race of super-intelligent extraterrestrials which like the dark. This is the reason they built the dome-like structures, so they can live underground in the dark.

“There is an alien species who like the darkness so much they genetically changed themselves to have sunglasses second eyelids cover their eyes at will. The greys”, says prominent alien hunter Scott C Waring.

Astronomers detects activity on potentially habitable planet

The first exoplanet has been discovered by Subaru Strategic Program using the infrared spectrograph IRD on the Subaru Telescope (IRD-SSP). The mass of Ross 508b is about four times that of the Earth.

The researchers were able to detect the planet thanks to the IRD infrared spectrograph on the Subaru Telescope (IRD-SSP).

The device captures even the smallest fluctuations in the radial velocity of stars, according to an article published in the journal Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan.

The exoplanet is located on the inner edge of the habitable zone. Scientists suggest that it has an elliptical orbit. This is a potentially habitable planet.

Such a planet may be able to retain water on its surface, and will be an important target for future observations to verify the possibility of life around low-mass stars.

Ross 508b will be an important target for future observations to verify the possibility of habitability on planets around red dwarfs.

Spectroscopic observations of molecules and atoms in the planetary atmosphere are also important, while the current telescopes cannot directly image the planet due to its closeness to the central star.

“While the current telescopes cannot directly image the planet due to its closeness to the central star. In the future, it will be one of the targets of life searches by 30-meter class telescopes,” the team said.

A mysterious heartbeat-like radio burst has been detected in space

Astronomers have detected a strange radio signal that looks like a heartbeat, reports CNN.

Astronomers estimate that the signal came from a galaxy about a billion light-years away, but the exact location and cause of the signal is unknown. A study detailing the results was published Wednesday in the journal Nature.

Astronomers have detected a constant radio signal from a distant galaxy that is flashing with surprising regularity. Named FRB 20191221A, this fast radio burst is currently the longest observed burst to date.

The first such radio burst was detected in 2007, and since then hundreds of such fast cosmic flares have been detected, coming from various distant points in the universe.

Many bursts emit superbright radio waves that last no more than a few milliseconds. It is known that about 10 percent of them are repeated and have certain patterns.

Fast radio bursts are so fast and unexpected that they are difficult to observe.

One of the resources used to detect them is a radio telescope called the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment (CHIME) at the Dominion Radio Radio Astrophysical Observatory in British Columbia, Canada.

This telescope, in operation since 2018, constantly monitors the sky and, in addition to fast radio bursts, is sensitive to radio waves emitted by distant hydrogen in the universe.

Astronomers using CHIME noticed something on December 21, 2019 that immediately caught their attention: a fast radio burst that was “peculiar in many ways,” according to Daniele Michilli, an astronomer at the Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research.

The signal, named FRB 20191221A, lasted up to three seconds, about 1,000 times longer than conventional fast radio bursts.

Michilli was monitoring data coming from CHIME when the spike occurred. This signal is the longest-lasting fast radio burst to date.

“It was unusual,” Michilli said. “Not only was it very long, lasting about three seconds, but it also had periodic peaks that were amazingly accurate, emitting every fraction of a second—boom, boom, boom—like a heartbeat.”

The research team does not know the exact galaxy from which the signal came, and even a billion light-year distance estimate is “highly uncertain,” Michilli said.

Researchers Say Bennu May Have Alien Technology Inside

Currently, the series of stellar objects traveling in space, sometimes making contact with Earth, is public knowledge. However, some asteroids or comets have fairly well-defined paths, so they can travel and return to Earth months or years after their last appearance. But isn’t it possible that one of the asteroids was powered by Alien technology?

An interesting investigation

The Earth is at the mercy of countless bodies that travel and, the smallest, have contact with it. On the other hand, the big ones move away and return after completing their trajectory. It is for this reason that the possibility that some of these asteroids were used by other extraterrestrial civilizations is being considered.

Some of them may have been mined or used as a way to get rid of their waste. They may have tried to implement some technological modifications, among other similar aspects. It is for this reason that NASA recently sent the Osiris-Rex spacecraft to explore the surface of asteroid Bennu and excavate its interior. Something amazing an amazing asteroid

Said asteroid is known to measure approximately 500 meters in diameter and is rich in carbon. It is said that its formation changed 4000 years ago and that there are possibilities that there are organic and volatile molecules inside it, this could be a specific pillar for life on our planet. It is estimated to travel at 100,000 kilometers per hour, approaching Earth every six years.

It was chosen by NASA to be studied by the Osiris-Rex spacecraft due to its trajectory, as it is unlikely to collide with Earth. Also, the odds of life. This launch was carried out in 2016 and only in 2018 did the probe successfully reach its destination. Currently, studies of the asteroid’s surface have begun and in 2020 they will start looking for samples inside an amazing strategy.

The extraction of samples will be done thanks to a retractable arm. This will probe the surface by ejecting a jet of nitrogen gas so that it can pick up the regolith portions. Afterwards, the samples will be stored inside a Return capsule. These will be sent back to Earth in 2021 and their arrival is estimated in 2023. An amazing process to investigate this amazing asteroid.

Geology: Previously, Mars Could Be Habitable

Scientists from Monash University (Australia) found that earlier Mars could be habitable. The research results are published in the scientific journal Geology.

In the course of the study, scientists from Monash University, located in Australia, came to the conclusion that throughout the entire existence of the Red Planet, it has faced large-scale erosion processes.

However, the presence of soil erosion on Mars may indicate that liquid water flowed on its surface.

Researchers have long been trying to unravel the mystery of how the Red Planet from a state similar to Earth turned into a desert.

If humanity wants to know whether there was previously life on Mars, then you first need to carefully study the history of sedimentary rocks, said Andrew Gunn, Ph.D.

He also added that the excessive amount of sand in the craters can be intertwined with the history of the planet’s climate. This opens up a new method to figure out when the Red Planet might be suitable for colonization.

Rotating Black Holes May Serve As Gentle Portals For Hyperspace Travel

Gaurav Khanna, Professor of Physics, UMass Dartmouth

One of the most cherished science fiction scenarios is using a black hole as a portal to another dimension or time or universe. That fantasy may be closer to reality than previously imagined.

Black holes are perhaps the most mysterious objects in the universe. They are the consequence of gravity crushing a dying star without limit, leading to the formation of a true singularity – which happens when an entire star gets compressed down to a single point yielding an object with infinite density.

This dense and hot singularity punches a hole in the fabric of spacetime itself, possibly opening up an opportunity for hyperspace travel. That is, a short cut through spacetime allowing for travel over cosmic scale distances in a short period.

Researchers previously thought that any spacecraft attempting to use a black hole as a portal of this type would have to reckon with nature at its worst. The hot and dense singularity would cause the spacecraft to endure a sequence of increasingly uncomfortable tidal stretching and squeezing before being completely vaporized.

Flying through a black hole

My team at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth and a colleague at Georgia Gwinnett College have shown that all black holes are not created equal.

If the black hole like Sagittarius A*, located at the center of our own galaxy, is large and rotating, then the outlook for a spacecraft changes dramatically. That’s because the singularity that a spacecraft would have to contend with is very gentle and could allow for a very peaceful passage.

The reason that this is possible is that the relevant singularity inside a rotating black hole is technically “weak,” and thus does not damage objects that interact with it. At first, this fact may seem counter intuitive. But one can think of it as analogous to the common experience of quickly passing one’s finger through a candle’s near 2,000-degree flame, without getting burned.

My colleague Lior Burko and I have been investigating the physics of black holes for over two decades. In 2016, my Ph.D. student, Caroline Mallary, inspired by Christopher Nolan’s blockbuster film “Interstellar,” set out to test if Cooper (Matthew McConaughey’s character), could survive his fall deep into Gargantua – a fictional, supermassive, rapidly rotating black hole some 100 million times the mass of our sun.

“Interstellar” was based on a book written by Nobel Prize-winning astrophysicist Kip Thorne and Gargantua’s physical properties are central to the plot of this Hollywood movie.

Building on work done by physicist Amos Ori two decades prior, and armed with her strong computational skills, Mallary built a computer model that would capture most of the essential physical effects on a spacecraft, or any large object, falling into a large, rotating black hole like Sagittarius A*.

The fictional Miller’s planet orbiting the black hole Gargantua, in the movie ‘Interstellar.’

Not even a bumpy ride?

What she discovered is that under all conditions an object falling into a rotating black hole would not experience infinitely large effects upon passage through the hole’s so-called inner horizon singularity.

This is the singularity that an object entering a rotating black hole cannot maneuver around or avoid. Not only that, under the right circumstances, these effects may be negligibly small, allowing for a rather comfortable passage through the singularity.

In fact, there may no noticeable effects on the falling object at all. This increases the feasibility of using large, rotating black holes as portals for hyperspace travel.

Mallary also discovered a feature that was not fully appreciated before: the fact that the effects of the singularity in the context of a rotating black hole would result in rapidly increasing cycles of stretching and squeezing on the spacecraft.

But for very large black holes like Gargantua, the strength of this effect would be very small. So, the spacecraft and any individuals on board would not detect it.

The crucial point is that these effects do not increase without bound; in fact, they stay finite, even though the stresses on the spacecraft tend to grow indefinitely as it approaches the black hole.

There are a few important simplifying assumptions and resulting caveats in the context of Mallary’s model. The main assumption is that the black hole under consideration is completely isolated and thus not subject to constant disturbances by a source such as another star in its vicinity or even any falling radiation.

While this assumption allows important simplifications, it is worth noting that most black holes are surrounded by cosmic material – dust, gas, radiation.

Therefore, a natural extension of Mallary’s work would be to perform a similar study in the context of a more realistic astrophysical black hole.

Mallary’s approach of using a computer simulation to examine the effects of a black hole on an object is very common in the field of black hole physics.

Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries.

Gaurav Khanna, Professor of Physics, UMass Dartmouth

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

‘Ancient Tomb Entrance’ Discovered On Mars

Famous ufologist Scott Waring announced another amazing discovery on Mars. According to him, in recent images of the surface of Mars, he found a mysterious entrance.

The virtual archaeologist draws readers’ attention to the fact that on Mars there is a huge amount of evidence of an intelligent civilization that once existed on the Red Planet.

This time, the ufologist focused his attention on the latest photographs of the Martian landscape taken this week by the Martian rover.

In two photographs, a “doorway” can be seen on the hillside. The entrance is very similar to the ancient Egyptian entrance to the Valley of the Kings in Egypt.

According to the researcher, this “doorway” is about twice the average height of people.

Scott Waring is convinced that this find is one of the clearest evidence of life on Mars. Or proof that life was once there.

At the same time, he expresses bewilderment why terrestrial archaeologists do not pay special attention to the artifacts found in the pictures of the surface of the Red Planet.

Spaceship Moon Theory: Is The Moon An Artificial Alien Satellite

Over the years, it has been scientifically observed that the Earth’s Moon holds some strange characteristics.

The Moon is the 5th largest natural satellite in the Solar System. It is believed to have been created by a giant impact between the young Earth and a Mars-sized body.

After examination, it has been noted that the Moon is apparently in the wrong orbit for its size, according to its current assumed density. Astronomy data indicates that the internal regions of the Moon are less dense than the outer, giving rise to the inevitable speculation that it could be hollow.

Some of these claims come from the fact that when meteors strike the Moon, it rings like a bell. More specifically, when the Apollo crew, on November 20, 1969, released the lunar module, after returning to the orbiter, the module impact with the Moon caused their seismic equipment to register a continuous reverberation like a bell for more than an hour.

In July of 1970, members of the then Soviet Academy of Sciences, Michael Vasin and Alexander Shcherbakov, proposed the Spaceship Moon Theory.

The pseudoscientific theory claims that the Earth’s moon may actually be an alien spacecraft. Vasin and Shcherbakov’s thesis was that the Moon is a hollowed-out planetoid created by unknown beings with technology far superior to any on Earth.

Huge machines would have been used to melt rock and form large cavities within the Moon. The Moon would, therefore, consist of a hull-like inner shell and an outer shell made from metallic rocky slag.

The “Spaceship Moon” was then placed into orbit around the Earth. Proponents of this theory point to the increased reports and pictures of UFOs taken by NASA on their missions to the moon.

The moon has tens of thousands of craters of various sizes covering the surface; however, all of the craters have the same depth. This suggests to scientists that there may be some sort of metallic barrier underneath the surface protecting it from damage.

It has been found that asteroids and meteors not only create shallow craters on the Moon’s surface, but produce a convex floor to the crater instead of concave as expected, supporting the idea of a rigid shell.

The moon is far older than previously expected, maybe even older than the Earth or the Sun. The oldest age for the Earth is estimated to be 4.6 billion years old, while Moon rocks were dated at 5.3 billion years.

The chemical composition of the dust upon which the rocks sit is remarkably different from the rocks themselves. This indicates that the lunar surface may have been moved from somewhere else and placed on the Moon.

Some of the Moon’s craters originated internally, yet there is no indication that the Moon was ever hot enough to produce volcanic eruptions. Hundreds of moonquakes are recorded each year that cannot be attributed to meteor strikes. Some of the quakes seem to follow a specific schedule.

The moon’s crust is much harder than originally presumed. When NASA was recorded drilling down a few inches into the Moon’s surface, it appeared that metal shavings were visible.

Earth’s moon is the only natural satellite in the Solar System that has a stationary, near-perfect circular orbit. How does one explain the coincidence that the moon is just the right distance, coupled with just the right diameter, to completely cover the sun during an eclipse?

Professional astronomers have been gradually discouraged from investigating a phenomenon that has been reported on the Moon for 1,000 years. It is short-lived light, color, or other changes in the appearance of the lunar surface, referred to as Transient Lunar Phenomena.

The moon is also known to contain a unique combination of metals. According to Ancient Code, it includes traces of metals that are not naturally occurring, such as brass. The amount of titanium that is found on the moon is also 10 times what is found on Earth. Scientists call this ratio “mind-blowing.”

The mysteries of the moon and the universe are far from being solved and the possibilities of what lies beyond our earth’s atmosphere may not be discovered in our lifetime.

The facts and theories that define the universe are malleable with every new thought, technological advancement and scientific discovery. It’s just a matter of what’s next.

Russian Scientists Stated In 1970 That Moon Is Artificial Space Object

The possibility that the Moon is empty on the inside isn’t new. H. G. Wells (1866-1946), perceived as the “Father of Science Fiction,” composed of an awe-inspiring excursion to the Moon in his 1901 book “The First Men in the Moon.” The original’s characters are shocked when they find that the Moon isn’t what it has all the earmarks of being from Earth. It is, truth be told, empty and home to a bizarre extraterrestrial culture. For a work distributed in 1901, such dreams were very trying. The speculation of an empty moon was additionally refined after individuals saw the Moon over 60 years after the fact.

What made this occur? A few seismographs were put on the lunar surface by space travelers during lunar arrivals. These gadgets are utilized to record vibrations and developments. Seismographs were left on the lunar surface to gather information on the Moon’s action. The sensors utilized on the Apollo 11, 12, 14, 15, and 16 missions conveyed information to Earth through a radio channel until 1977, when they were turned off because of monetary requirements.

As indicated by Gaia, “the cosmonauts were given a progression of ALSEPs, or Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Packages, to set up accelerometers and start explosions going from shotgun-like accuses to mortars of various projectile launchers to set up seismographs and start explosions going from shotgun-like accuses to mortars of numerous explosives.” NASA in the long run crashed-handled the Apollo 12 module as well as the S-IVB rocket, detonating with a power identical to around 12 tons of TNT.”

These discoveries uncovered an extraordinary arrangement about the Moon’s inside structure. They explicitly referenced the presence of moonquakes. These events were sorted into four gatherings:

Profound moonquakes (700 kilometers beneath the surface); Vibrations (from shooting star impacts); Thermal moonquakes; Small moonquakes (20-30 km underneath the surface).

The last hardly any minor moonquakes have prompted the hypothesis of an empty moon. As per legend, the Moon “rang like a chime” during these occasions. Following the Apollo 12 mission, this assertion was habitually utilized. During its execution, the 2.5-ton take-off stage was intentionally dropped on the lunar surface.

Seismologists were shocked by the length and seriousness of the seismic unsettling influence made by the shock. They heard strong signs that endured over 90 minutes after the mishap and more vulnerable signs that were caught under an hour subsequently. It’s not really surprising that a few people come to the right end result in light of this data. They accept the Moon isn’t generally so strong as standard science states.

A portion of the 20th century’s most famous researchers have asserted that the Moon is an outsider spaceship. It’s called vasin Shcherbakov’s hypothesis.

The Moon was proposed to be a fake empty satellite of the Earth, set in close Earth circle by extraterrestrials, in a 1970 paper by Mikhail Vasin and Alexander Shcherbakov. Vasin and Shcherbakov were individuals from the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union. The article, nonetheless, was not distributed in a logical diary yet rather in a Sputnik distribution. It resembled a scholarly review from the Soviet Union.

In their article, the researchers didn’t say who for sure sent off the counterfeit satellite into Earth’s circle. It basically itemized the fixings that make up the Moon. They must have the option to endure high hotness and cold and be adequately sturdy to endure shooting star hits.

Moreover, they presented different issues concerning the Moon’s creation that were hard for different researchers to address. They got a great deal of reaction for doing as such.

As indicated by Cornell University’s Suniti Karunatillake, there are no less than two techniques for deciding mass conveyance all through a body. The main involves a snapshot of inactivity boundaries, though the second includes seismic readings. “One such measure, the standardized polar snapshot of inactivity, is 0.393+/ – 0.001, which is very close to that for a strong item with a radially consistent thickness (0.4; for examination, Earth’s worth is 0.33),” Karunatillake said of the previous. As far as the last option, he calls attention to that, beside Earth, the Moon is the main planetary body on which significant seismic examinations have been finished. These discoveries have limited the thickness of the Moon’s outside, mantle, and center, it isn’t empty to show that it. Karen Masters of the University of Portsmouth accepts that we can lay out the Moon’s mass in light of the way of behaving of things associating with its gravitational field. We can decide the thickness of the Moon in view of its noticeable size, which emphatically discredits that it is empty.

Gigantic machines were utilized to dissolve rock and develop long sinkholes inside the Moon, spreading the liquid flotsam and jetsam onto the lunar surface, as indicated by Shcherbakov and Vasin. They said that the Moon was saved by a body like internal shell and a remade external shell of metallic rough garbage. This gigantic vehicle was at last moved through space and set in circle all over our world.

The two researchers gave logical proof to help their cases. A few lunar rocks, they guaranteed, included handled metals like Brass and the components Uranium 236 and Neptunium 237. Shockingly, none of these can be found in nature.

The Moon was raised far away to keep a watch on humankind and as a vehicle to wander the Universe, as indicated by Zulu and other local African stories. The Moon is supposed to be the Reptilians’ “Monster Mother-boat,” and it is from that point that they got away from the disturbances of the “Incomparable Flood,” which they achieved by controlling The Moon and other vast occasions.

Ladies and Mpanku, as per custom, took the Moon from a goliath fire winged serpent and carried it to Earth. They are accepted to have eliminated the ‘yolk’ from the egg-like satellite prior to sending it in circle around the Earth. Beforehand, the globe should be enclosed by a cover of watery fog, which started to shower down on Earth after the Moon entered circle.

“It appears to be more straightforward to make sense of the non-presence of the Moon than its presence,” commented previous NASA researcher Robin Brett, who was one of the first to explore and coordinate examinations on moon rocks. Besides, researchers gauge that the Moon is around 800,000 years more established than the Earth, which represents a few issues.

The Chinese Are Going To Look For Planets Similar To Earth

China will publish a detailed plan for a mission to search for Earth-like exoplanets within a month. A news article about this was published in the journal Nature.

In 2021, the first Chinese rover “Zhuzhong” began work and the Chinese space station “Tiangong” was launched into orbit. Now the country’s plans include the study of the universe outside the solar system.

To do this, China is going to launch the Earth 2.0 mission by 2026. As the name implies, its ultimate goal will be to find a twin of the Earth: a planet with a similar size and gravity, rich in water and with a temperature suitable for life.

The mission will be funded by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and specialists are currently completing an early design phase.

The Earth 2.0 orbiter will carry seven telescopes. Seven of them will be sent to the area of ​​the constellations Cygnus and Lyra, in the same sector that NASA’s Kepler telescope studied.

“Kepler’s field of view is a convenient target because we already have good data from there,” says Jian Ge of the Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, head of the project. “Our satellite will be 10 to 15 times more powerful than Kepler.”

Earth 2.0’s seventh instrument will be a gravitational lensing telescope designed to search for orphan planets that do not orbit a star.

By supplementing the Kepler data, Chinese astronomers hope to find at least a dozen Earth twins.

If the search is successful, we may also learn about our space brothers who live on a planet similar to us.

Astronomers Say The Night Sky Will Change Completely In 10 Years

Due to the increase in satellites above the Earth, the appearance of the night sky is irreversibly changing. According to astronomers, in a few years we will see a completely different picture.

The night sky, which for us is a source of knowledge and perception of the cosmos, will completely change in the near future.

Samantha Lawler of the Canadian University of Regina, along with a group of other astronomers, said that in 10 years, one in fifteen points of light in the night sky will be a satellite.

Due to the mass proliferation of satellites only a few hundred kilometers above the Earth, the night sky will never be the same.

Samantha explained: “For the first time in the history of mankind, we will find ourselves without access to the sky as we used to perceive it.”

Since 2017, a group of astronomers under her leadership have been conducting research and found that the number of satellites has increased five times: from 1000 to 5000 at present.

You can verify this personally, it will take only a few minutes to visually fix at least one of the satellites in the night sky.


NASA: There Are More Than 5,000 Worlds Outside The Solar System

According to NASA astronomers, there are currently more than 5,000 confirmed planets outside the solar system.

An additional 65 celestial bodies have been added to the Exoplanet Archive. This archive contains information about planets that have been confirmed using several planet detection methods.

“It’s not just a number,” said Jessie Christiansen, archive science director and NASA Exoplanet Institute research fellow. “Each of them is a new world, a completely new planet. I’m worried that we don’t know anything about them.”

Even though the existence of planets outside the solar system was assumed before, these worlds were first discovered only in the 1990s.

Exoplanets have different features

The exoplanet diversity is a population of planets unlike anything seen in the solar system.

They include rocky worlds larger than Earth called super-Earths, mini-Neptunes (larger than Earth but smaller than Neptune), and scorching hot Jupiters that outshine the largest planet in the solar system and orbit their parent stars.

Scientists have also found planets that orbit more than one star, and some orbit the remnants of dead stars.

Of the confirmed exoplanets, 30 percent are gas giants, 31 percent are super-Earths, and 35 percent are Neptune-like. Only 4 percent of the planets are terrestrial like Earth or Mars.

An illustration of what other worlds might look like

Previous discoveries of exoplanets have been made with telescopes and satellites such as the Spitzer Space Telescope, the Kepler Space Telescope and the transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite.

When Christiansen was a graduate student in the early 2000s, only about 100 exoplanets were known.

“I wanted to go into this area because it was completely new and so exciting when people found planets around other stars. Now exoplanets seem to be something common,” Christiansen said.

Kepler has helped scientists discover about two-thirds of the 5,000 confirmed planets, Christiansen said.

Discovered in 2015, the planet is believed to be superhot, similar to Jupiter. It is much more massive and larger than the largest planet in the solar system.

Among the 65 planets discovered, many of them are super-Earths and sub-Neptunes, as well as hot Jupiter-sized planets. Among them are two planets the size of Earth, but they are about 327 degrees Celsius, so they look more like hot rocks than habitable planets, Christiansen said.

She also noted that one of them is a system with five planets orbiting a red dwarf, in contrast to the TRAPPIST-1 system, where a similar star contains seven rocky planets.

“Of the 5,000 known exoplanets, 4,900 are located within a few thousand light-years of us,” Christiansen said.

“And consider that we are 30,000 light years from the center of the galaxy. If you extrapolate from the little bubble around us, that means there are many more planets in our galaxy that we haven’t found yet, between 100 and 200 billion. It’s mind-blowing.”

People cannot even imagine how each planet can look like and what secrets it can keep, perhaps even life.

There are 100 billion habitable earth-like planets in our Galaxy, scientists say

Astronomers estimate that there could be over 100 billion Earth-like worlds in the Milky Way that could harbor life. Think it’s a big number? According to astronomers, there are approximately 500 billion galaxies in the universe, which means that there are about 50,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 habitable planets.

This is, of course, if there is only one universe.

Experts believe that there are about 400 billion stars inside our Milky Way galaxy, but some astrophysicists believe that there are a trillion stars in our galaxy. If so, that means there could be 100 billion planets in the Milky Way that could have life.

Because astronomers can’t see our galaxy in its entirety, they can’t know exactly how many planets are likely to have life. So experts calculate the mass of our galaxy and calculate how much of that mass is made up of stars. Based on these calculations, scientists believe that our galaxy is home to at least 400 billion stars.

According to some calculations, the Milky Way may contain, on average, from 800 billion to 3.2 trillion planets on which life is possible. However, some experts believe the number could be as high as eight trillion.

In addition, if we look at what NASA scientists say, we find out that there are approximately 1500 of the above planets located within 50 light-years of Earth.

These conclusions are based on observations made over a period of 6 years by the Anomaly Lensing Network founded in 1995. The researchers concluded that there are many more Earth-sized planets than Jupiter-sized planets. In 2013, Dr. Phil Yock of the Department of Physics at the University of Auckland said:

“Kepler finds Earth-sized planets that are fairly close to their host stars, and astronomers estimate there are about 17 billion such planets in the Milky Way. These worlds are much hotter than our planet, although some of them may have similar temperatures (and thus be habitable) if they orbit a cold star called a red dwarf.

“Our proposal is to measure the number of earth-mass planets orbiting stars at distances typically twice the distance from the Sun to the Earth. Therefore, our planets will be colder than the Earth. The Kepler and MOA results suggest that we should get a good estimate of the number of Earth-like planets in the Milky Way. We predict the number of such planets to be around 100 billion.”

In June 2017, NASA announced that they had discovered ten new planets outside of our solar system that are most likely the same size and temperature as Earth and could harbor life.


The Ninth Planet May Be A Black Hole In The Solar System, Say Astronomers

Scientists have long been trying to understand whether the so-called ninth planet (or Planet X) really exists. And recently they came to an incredible conclusion. A new study by British astronomer Jakub Scholz and his colleague James Unwin says the mysterious object is a primordial black hole.

The existence of primordial black holes has not yet been scientifically confirmed. And at the same time, a significant part of the astronomical community believes that 80% of the entire universe consists of them.

They are believed to have originated shortly after the Big Bang, and some may still exist today. A distinctive feature of such black holes is that they can be very small.

According to Scholz and Unwin, this explains the anomalous phenomena that are recorded in the Kuiper belt. In particular, why some small celestial bodies beyond the orbit of Neptune have unusual trajectories of movement, as well as an excess of microlensing events (a relatively short increase in the brightness of a star at the moment when some massive object passes between it and the observer).

To date, the existence of eight large planetary objects in the solar system has been accurately established, including several dwarf “planets”, including Pluto, Eris, Ceres, etc.

According to scientists, the so-called primordial black hole has a mass five times the mass of the Earth. The radiation from such a hole is negligible, but around it there may be a dark matter halo extending for several astronomical units.

The orbit of Planet X (or the black hole?) is 20 times farther from the Sun than the orbit of Neptune.

However, in practice, it will be quite difficult to prove this theory, since scientists will have to literally hunt down this planet or catch a moving source of gamma or X-rays.

Some astronomers believe that this mysterious object flew into the solar system from the outside about 3 million years ago, that is, it is a rogue planet that once left its parent star.


Australian Scientists Record The Same Signals From Space Every Six Months

From time to time, various observatories around the world record signals from space. In recent years, more and more astronomers have expressed the theory that each space object has its own acoustic vibrations. It is these signals that are most often captured by terrestrial equipment.

As a rule, they have the same wavelength period and the signal does not change until a significant impact is made on this cosmic body.

For example, until a large asteroid arrives, which will force a change in flight path or lead to strong vibration. In such a case, the received waves will be disturbed and changed.

At the beginning of 2021, the Australian observatory recorded 5 identical signals. They were radio waves about 6 milliseconds long.

It was not possible to find out the exact place where they were sent from. The cause of the signal was considered the merger of two stars.

During this rare phenomenon, a large amount of energy is released, which can be transformed into similar signals, overcoming hundreds of thousands of kilometers of space.

Such version existed for about six months, after which 5 more signals were received. Such a coincidence could not be caused by a merger of stars or some kind of collision of cosmic bodies.

At the beginning of 2022, the situation repeated itself. Again 5 signals 6 milliseconds long. Scientists suggest that such a phenomenon may be the cause of man-made impact.

Unfortunately, it has not yet been possible to find out the exact location of the signal source. Exactly how to decipher a radio burst. Unless, of course, some information is encoded in it.

The scientific community will attempt to locate where the waves are coming from at the end of 2022. According to all calculations, another batch of signals should come during this period.

Is it possible to assume that this signal is sent by intelligent beings?

Fantasists and romantics are waiting for the moment when full-fledged contact with other civilizations takes place and, in this case, such a probability cannot be reduced to zero. At least because the signal comes at a certain moment with a frequency of six months.

Something Come Out Of A Black Hole For The First Time Ever

Black Holes still remain as a subject of much confusion even among distinguished scientists and researchers. Every time we get close to unravel its mystery, it presents us with more confusing questions.

You don’t have to know a whole lot about science to know that black holes typically suck things in, not spew things out. But some time ago NASA spotted something mighty strange at the supermassive black hole Markarian 335.

Now, why is this so intriguing? The answer is that Black Holes are known to have very strong gravitational pull, so much so that it doesn’t even let light escape it.

Two NASA satellite telescopes, including the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), witnessed a black hole’s corona being “launched” away from a supermassive black hole. Then a huge burst of X-ray energy emitted. So, what precisely happened? That is what scientists are currently trying to understand.

“This is the first time we have been able to link the launching of the corona to a flare,” Dan Wilkins, of Saint Mary’s University, said. “This will help us understand how supermassive black holes power some of the brightest objects in the universe.”

Fiona Harrison, NuSTAR’s primary investigator, stated that the nature of the energy source is a “mystery,” but that the ability to actually capture the event should offer some indications about the black hole’s size and structure, as well as (hopefully) some new insight into how black holes work. This black hole, fortunately for us, is still 324 million light-years distant.

Black hole is a place so bleak that even the laws of physics break down there. But what if black holes aren’t so forbidding? What if they are instead some kind of intergalactic stargate, or maybe even a passageway into a whole other universe?

It may sound like the premise for a clever science-fiction movie, but new calculations by quantum physicists now suggest that the stargate idea might actually be the better theory.

According to the startling new results, black holes do not culminate in a singularity. Rather, they represent “portals to other universes,” reports New Scientist.


Did Astronauts Photograph an “Alien City” on the Moon?

Images recovered from NASA archives related to the Apollo 8 mission show a kind of alien city, made up of structures and bases on the Moon.

Thanks to Art Alien TV , the images were published, proving the existence of a series of structures that appear to form an alien city on the Moon .

Some experts say that this could easily have been a “landing site.” However, a scientist working on lunar cartography totally denied its existence .

Is there an alien city on the moon?

The NASA , along with the lunar cartographer, ensures that it is craters and shadows cast by the sun. However, the images appear to be too light.

Independent researchers, who have long been studying extraterrestrial existence and, even more so, its presence on the Moon, are convinced they have found the evidence they needed

The alien city is made up of a structure more than 3 kilometers high, which were captured during the Apollo 8 mission . Some experts believe it was an alien launch pad.

The “enhanced” images are always presented alongside the images captured by the mission, to show that there was no alteration .

Thus, it is clearly evidenced that there is a kind of alien city on the lunar surface. The only thing left to know is whether these structures are still in operation or are abandoned.

A gigantic cube-shaped UFO appears during a thunderstorm in New Jersey

Another strange case that has come to light recently is that of a strange cube- shaped UFO published on the Mutual UFO Network, or MUFON for its acronym in English.

The video was recorded in New Jersey on September 28 during a thunderstorm. The object appears to be hiding behind the clouds during the storm.

In the images, you can see the formation of clouds and the lightning products of the meteorological phenomenon in the night sky.

However, within seconds it is evident that the origin of the rays appears to be a strange cube-shaped structure .

Scott C. Waring, a renowned American ufologist, analyzed the images, suggesting that some extraterrestrial civilizations use lightning to “power” their ships.

Space station astronauts photograph “Flash” over Europa

But there is another recent strange event that could not be explained, and this time it comes from the International Space Station itself .

Astronauts at the station saw a strange blue glow over Europe. According to the French astronaut, Thomas Pesquet, it was a transitory phenomenon.

This happens when there is lightning in the upper atmosphere at altitudes above where it normally occurs.

Until a few years ago, scientists did not believe this was possible, even though other astronauts had claimed to have seen it. Now the question is… Is this a natural phenomenon?

To learn more about these topics, you can watch the Snakedos video that we leave you below.

Former NASA Scientist: “There Are Alien Ships In The Rings Of Saturn”

Norman Bergrun, a scientist who worked for 12 years at NASA, has claimed that there are alien ships in the rings of Saturn. But, he stated with regret, science does not want to admit this.

Bergrun served on the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics and worked with Lockheed Martin on some classified aerospace projects. In his 1986 book Ringmakers of Saturn, he first outlined the theory that extraterrestrial craft had been sighted on the solar system’s ringed planets, especially Saturn.

Bergrun says that while analyzing images taken from the Voyager probes over the years, he found strange objects near the rings. The scientist added that one could even observe “exhausts from the engines of alien ships, the spread of which would accelerate and reach a critical stage.”

A former NASA engineer explained this by saying that the rings of Saturn, Uranus and Jupiter were created to be used as a source of energy or for aliens to obtain resources.

In addition, he assured that these ships can be considered as “alive”, since they have the essential functions of biological systems, such as self-reproduction and self-maintenance. This is in line with what some theorists say, such as Arwen Nicholson and Duncan Fororganis of the University of Edinburgh.

Mysterious object in the rings of Saturn

Ten years ago, they suggested that the universe could be populated by thousands of self-replicating alien probes.

In addition to the undeniable prestige and curriculum of the scientist, skeptics claim that there is a natural explanation for this. Others indicate that probe movements are causing jaggedness in images.

The truth is that Saturn and its moons are full of strange features, from the mysterious hexagonal cloud at the North Pole to the “shepherd satellites”. These satellites are small moons whose gravitational influence restricts material in some planetary rings, limiting narrow regions.

Ring material that orbits near a shepherd moon is usually sent back to the ring while other material is thrown out or ends up falling onto another satellite.

However, sometimes something related to a number of mysteries happens. A striking example can be seen in the image obtained by the Cassini probe.

Cassini Spacecraft Spots mysterious Object in Saturn’s Rings

The agency describes it this way: “A bright breach in Saturn’s narrow F-ring suggests it may have been breached recently. This feature was probably not caused by Pandora’s Moon (50 miles or 81 km across) lurking in the lower right corner.

“It was most likely created by the interaction of a small object embedded in the ring and material in the ring’s core. Scientists sometimes refer to these features as “jets.” Because these bodies are small and embedded within the F ring itself, they are difficult to detect with the resolution available to NASA’s Cassini spacecraft.

Instead, its effect reveals its presence, and scientists use the Cassini spacecraft to study these invisible F-ring sculptors.”


Strange ‘cylinder’ spotted in Mars rover image baffles Nasa fans – but there’s a simple explanation

The strange cylinder-like piece was captured in a shot taken by Nasa’s Perseverance rover.

One person said on Twitter that it looks “artificially created”, and suggested it could be an artifact of ancient civilisation on the Red Planet or a chunk of a crashed UFO.

It turns out the intriguing item actually belongs to Nasa.

According to a UFO hoax debunker, it was dropped “intentionally”.

But some have slammed the space agency for littering on the planet.

“Haven’t even stepped foot on the planet yet and we’re already littering,” one person said.

Another points out that Mars is a “robot graveyard” because of all old mission gadgets that have been left behind over the years.

“I mean it’s not like any of the probes and rover we sent were ever brought back,” they said.

The piece is a so-called ‘launch abrasion bit’.

It was apparently dumped on the ground back in July.

But since then, the object appears to have fallen over.

“This particular drill bit was installed before launch, to close out the drill and keep the inside protected,” the Perseverance team previously tweeted.

“To keep my science clean and clear, I’m leaving it aside before I start to collect samples with new, pristine drill bits.”

n other news, people are increasingly unable to tell apart fake faces made by AI and real ones, new research suggests.

Websites could crash in a couple of months if owners fail to make major change ahead of Chrome, Edge and Firefox ‘version 100’ update.

Uber has revealed the worst and best cities for passenger ratings.

And the naughtiest ever emoji combinations to be careful of have been revealed.


Ufologist Believes That NASA Distorts The Real Color Of Mars

Well-known virtual archaeologist Scott Waring expressed confidence that NASA deliberately paints Martian images in the “classic” red colors that are familiar to ordinary people.

According to the researcher, approximately 40% of photographs of Mars have false colors. Sometimes NASA scientists themselves warn about this. Waring wonders why?

He reckons that converting photos to unnatural reds reduces sharpness by about 15%, making it hard to see details.

The researcher is sure that NASA is doing this on purpose so that we could not distinguish the presence of minerals, water, metals, precious stones, or possibly existing life forms on it.

In connection with the above, Waring extracted archival images of Mars obtained by NASA devices and returned them, as he believes, to normal colors.

At the same time, he draws attention to how the smallest details in the pictures of the Red Planet have become better visible.

Astronomers from the Vatican are close to unraveling The Mystery Of The Ninth Planet

Astronomers from the Vatican have discovered a new object in the solar system, which rotates behind the orbit of Neptune. It has been given the scientific name 2021 XD7, according to The Daily Mail.

The study showed that the object makes a full circle around the Sun in 286 years. It is likely smaller than the dwarf planet Pluto.

Like many objects orbiting the outer edge of the solar system, 2021 XD7 has an unusual orbit. It is tilted much more than that of the Earth and Mars.

Scientists hope this feature will help them find the mysterious Planet Nine. It is believed that changes in the orbits of trans-Neptunian (that is, rotating behind Neptune) bodies are associated with the gravity of a certain body.

To match the data available to experts, the proposed planet would have to be about four times the size of Earth and ten times as massive. And a full flight around the Sun in an extremely elongated orbit should take from 10 to 20 thousand years.

However, astronomers have not yet been able to detect it. According to calculations, the Ninth planet is at a distance of 46.5 billion miles from the Sun (74.8 billion km).

Scientists believe that after the launch of the Vera Rubin telescope in Chile, they will be able to detect many more trans-Neptunian objects than are currently known. They will probably point to the location of Planet Nine.

Alien Antimatter Crashes into Earth

In March 2021, after years of analyzing and confirming data, astrophysicists reported that the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, a detector buried at the South Pole, had picked up an unusual signal in 2016. It suggested that a particle called an antineutrino had crossed space and time — originating far beyond our galaxy — before smashing into Antarctica and releasing a particle shower in the ice.

According to the Standard Model of particle physics, every known type of particle has an antimatter counterpart (though there’s hardly any trace of antimatter in the universe today). More than 60 years ago, future Nobel laureate Sheldon Glashow predicted that if an antineutrino — the antimatter answer to the nearly massless neutrino — collided with an electron, it could produce a cascade of other particles. The “Glashow resonance” phenomenon is hard to detect, in large part because the antineutrino needs about 1,000 times more energy than what’s produced in the most powerful colliders on Earth.

But IceCube’s detection is evidence that cosmic accelerators in space could readily propel high-energy particles. “It’s only possible with a natural accelerator, not ground-based accelerators,” says physicist Lu Lu of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, who led the analysis and helped confirm data from the 2016 event. “No one had ever directly observed the resonance before.”

She says the detection is exciting for at least two reasons. First, it confirms predictions by the Standard Model in physics. Second, it shows that by using IceCube, researchers can treat the cosmos as a natural, high-energy laboratory in which to probe new physics. “It opens a new window on neutrino astronomy,” she says.

NASA sought advice from priests on impact of alien contact

The space agency reportedly enlisted religious experts to help predict how the world would react.

Whether or not we are alone in the universe remains one of the most important philosophical conundrums of the modern age, but while this question is often the subject of heated debate, relatively little thought is given to the matter of precisely how humanity would react in the event that indisputable evidence of an extraterrestrial civilization were to present itself.

Would it revolutionize our view of the universe and our place within it, or have we been so exposed to the idea thanks to science-fiction movies and TV shows that it wouldn’t have much of an impact ?

According to recent reports, NASA has been keen to find an answer to this question and has even taken to hiring priests and other religious experts to determine how various religions across the world would react in the event that such a discovery were to be made.

Some religions insist that mankind is alone in its dominance of all creation – so the discovery that we are simply one civilization in a wide-ranging cosmic community could change everything.

Princeton University’s Center for Theological Inquiry (CTI) in New Jersey was previously awarded a $1.1 million grant to investigate this and other issues concerning such a revelation.

“Non-religious people… seem to overestimate the challenges that religious people… would experience if faced with evidence of alien life,” said Rev Dr Andrew Davidson, a British priest who is one of 24 experts consulted by NASA on the topic.

Given the vastness of the cosmos and the near-impossibility that the Earth is the only place in the universe to host life, it’s a challenge that, sooner or later, we may all have to face.

Elon Musk: “I Will Be Surprised If We Do Not Land On Mars In The Next 5 Years”

In an interview with Time, which recognized Elon Musk as the person of the year, the Tesla founder decided to talk about the colonization of Mars. According to the billionaire, the first people should set foot on the surface of the Red Planet in the next 5 years.

Although SpaceX abandoned the development of the Red Dragon project in 2017, its ideas continue to live on in the future ITS – Interplanetary Transport System, which is scheduled to arrive to Mars in 2025.

“I will be surprised if we do not land on Mars in the next five years. The next really important step will be building a sustainable city,” said Elon Musk.

We are talking about a permanent colony with hydroponic farms powered by solar energy, which will be populated not only by humans, but also by terrestrial animals.

Greg Autry, an expert on space policy from Arizona State University, was rather skeptical about the idea of ​​a businessman.

The latter told Business Insider that the planned spaceship is unlikely to reach Mars until at least 2029, regardless of NASA assistance.

The problem lies not so much in the complexities of the ship’s design as in ensuring safety for the crew: its members must be guaranteed protection from space radiation, accidents and overloads incompatible with life.

Mysterious Square Structure Found In The Center Of A Crater On Mars

Taiwanese virtual ufologist Scott K. Waring, known for a large number of conspiracy discoveries, discovered a strange square structure in the crater of Mars.

This object looks like an artificial object, since it contains too many right angles, and in science such coincidences are not believed.

The square-shaped object doesn’t look like anything that would naturally appear on the Mars surface, observers say.

However, NASA has attributed such findings and observations to the pareidolia effect.

This is a phenomenon which leads to an incorrect perception of a stimulus as a familiar object, shape or pattern that is is known to the observer. If that is the case, it could imply that the base could just be some rock formations.

But the interesting thing is, how did these stones appear in the very center of the crater?


Planet X 5 Times More Massive Than Earth Was Discovered On The Outskirts Of The Solar System

After analyzing images from the orbiting IRAS observatory, British astronomer Michael Rowan-Robinson discovered an object on the far outskirts of the solar system that may represent the mysterious planet X.

It is about three to five times heavier than Earth. The scientist published an article with his calculations in arXiv.

“Of the several hundred potential celestial bodies that can be seen in IRAS images, only one object satisfies the requirements that planet X must meet. If this planet really exists, then it is separated from the Sun by a distance of about 225-250 times greater than between the Earth and Sun,” the researcher writes.

Scientists call planet X the hypothetical ninth planet of the solar system.

Five years ago, American planetary scientists Konstantin Batygin and Michael Brown announced that they had found proof of its existence. According to their calculations, planet X should be at least 100 billion km from the Sun, and should be similar in size to Neptune or Uranus.

However, the search for the planet has not yet brought success. The researchers only managed to narrow down the zone where it might be, and also to find new hints of its existence.

Because of this, many astronomers questioned this hypothesis, and other planetary scientists began to look for alternative options for the location and appearance of Planet X.

According to the author of the new article, professor at Imperial College London, Michael Rowan-Robinson, failures in this search may be due to the fact that scientists are trying to find planet X not where it really is. Guided by this idea, he studied images of the orbiting infrared observatory IRAS.

To analyze these images, Rowan-Robinson created an algorithm that can filter out all “unnecessary” sources of infrared radiation that are outside the solar system – stars, galaxies and other large clusters of matter.

Then he studied in detail all the remaining point objects and selected from them previously unknown to scientists.

Among these objects, there was not a single one that would satisfy the calculations of Brown and Batygin. However, there were several hundred candidates for the role of alternative versions of Planet X, located much closer to Earth.

Only one of them, object R20593 + 6413, met all the criteria. It is located about 225-250 times farther from the Sun than the Earth, and its mass exceeds our planet by about 3-5 times. According to the astronomer’s calculations, this object is located within the constellation Cepheus and rotates in a highly inclined orbit.

The latter, according to Rowan-Robinson, may explain why planet X has not yet been found, since scientists previously did not admit that the ninth world of the solar system could rotate in a similar orbit.

The scientist hopes that further observations with optical and infrared telescopes will confirm his hypothesis or prove that there are no unknown large planets in this part of the solar system.


Astronomers have detected yet another extraterrestrial signal coming from outer Space

Australian Astronomers have managed to pick up yet another set of fast radio bursts thanks to the Microvariability and Oscillations of Stars telescope, better known simply as MOST. Deputy director of the Center for Astrophysics and Supercomputing of Swinburne University of Technology, Matthew Bailes wrote on Facebook about the new fast radio burst which remains a mystery.

From 2007 until today, 17 of these anomalous radio signals have been discovered by astronomers who remain perplexed by the origin of the signals. Each one of the FRBs (Fast radio bursts) comes from space lasting a few milliseconds at most, but emitting as much energy as our sun does in 10,000 years.

While ‘Alien civilizations’ are among the favorite explications of the mysterious radio signals among many, scientists have no idea what causes these mysterious bursts. In order to establish their exact origin, scientists had to estimate the distance to the ‘object’ where the FRBs originated from, which was achieved not long ago. While researchers still have no idea what causes the mysterious phenomenon, they hope that future studies will allow them to understand the nature behind the FRBs.

At the moment, there are two theories. According to the first, the radio burst has an extragalactic source and comes from a blitzar, a massive neutron star whose rotation speed prevents it from becoming a black hole. The second hypothesis states that the radio burst have a galactic origin. In particular, among the possible sources are magnetars, which are neutron stars with a strong magnetic field.

However, these radio signals have become more frequent throughout the years. Not long ago, the Parkes radio Telescope in Australia detected five radio bursts that could potentially indicate intelligent life elsewhere in the cosmos. According to reports from, an unprecedented double burst has recently shown up together with four more of the anomalous flashes. According to statements from the team of scientists, the double burst FRB (called 121002) discovered last year, had a “clear two-component profile”. Interestingly, the five signals detected follow the same pattern as its predecessors with one SMALL exception: one of them flashed twice, this little fact is extremely important since there has never, until now, been a double blast.

The twin-blast signal was separated by 2.4 milliseconds coming out of some sort of ‘eruption’ that happened, according to studies, 9 BILLION years ago in the Constellation Octans.

Last year, Michael Hippke of Germany’s Institute for Data Analysis set out to measure 11 radio bursts finding something extremely odd: The dispersion measures seem to follow a mathematical pattern. Hippke found that he dispersion measures are integer multiples of the same number, 187.5. The team calculated a 5 in 10,000 chance of the pattern being pure coincidence.

What is even more odd is the fact that NO ASTROPHYSICAL SYSTEMS that we know of can produce a similar stepwise distribution of dispersion measures.

Researcher Discovers Huge Structures on the Surface of Venus

After NASA made public thousands of images showing the surface of Venus, it didn’t take long for a vigilant UFO hunter to spot the anomalies lying on the surface of the planet that’s second to the Sun.

Although some would expect Venus to be an inhabitable place, the presumed artificial structures discovered there may change the way we perceive things from now on.

YouTube user and UFO hunter mundodesconocito uploaded a video (below) revealing strange structures that he claims to be colossal alien cities.

His claims are based on a thorough analysis of the photos published by NASA from the Venusian mission of their Magellan probe that operated between the 80s and 90s, providing invaluable images of the surface.

To highlight the formations that he presumes to be of artificial nature, the man made 3d models of them to furtherly increase the visual experience, and for others to realize that they’re not volcanos, nor impact craters left by asteroids.

“The Magellan probe sent to Venus that operated in the late 80s and 90s, collected an enormous amount of images that have finally been published by NASA in which huge cities, artificial structures and all kinds of elements that seem to resemble constructions… by some kind of alien race that inhabited or colonized the second planet in our solar system,” the man wrote.

“In the following video, we show those buildings that we have found and their interpretation in three dimensions if them.”

Could these structures be artificial after all, or is there a more rational explanation for all these formations? To understand if he is correct, we’ll have to take a closer look at this planet.

Venus is the second planet to the Sun. It’s similar in structure and size to Earth, and its dense atmosphere encapsulates heat in a runaway greenhouse effect.

The permanent layer of clouds is what keeps the heat, resulting in surface temperatures of 900 degrees Fahrenheit (480 Celsius,) hot enough to melt lead, making it the hottest planet in the Solar System.

The Venusian surface is comprised mostly of volcanos and mountains, with the tallest mount range rising up to 7 miles (11 kilometers,) above the planet’s elevation. It has a retrograde rotation, spinning backwards when compared to the other planets, meaning that the Sun rises in the west and sets in the east.

Oddly enough, because of its slow spin, a day-night cycle on Venus equals to 117 days spent on the Earth, making a day on Venus last longer than an entire year.

It takes 225 Earth days to complete a full orbit around the Sun, and 234 Earth days until a full day cycle is complete.

At this point, it may sound as if there’s no chance for Venus to host alien life, but there’s more to it than it meets the eye.

The Venus Express sent by the European Space Agency studied Venus from 2006 until the end of 2014 when it ran out of fuel.

At that point, the probe descended towards the North Pole of the planet where it encountered an average temperature of -157 degrees Celsius (-250 Fahrenheit,) that’s colder than anywhere on Earth.

These recent observations reveal the planet’s atmosphere is much more intriguing than first anticipated.

About 80% of the Venusian surface is covered by smooth, volcanic plains, but the absence of evidence of lava flow accompanying any of the visible caldera remains an enigma.

Other studies have suggested that billions of years ago Venus’s atmosphere was much more like Earth’s, and there were substantial amounts of liquid water on the surface.

While there’s no doubt that conditions on the surface are too hostile for life, there is speculation on the possibility of lifeforms existing somewhere in the upper cloud layers of Venus, 31 miles (51 kilometers) up from the surface, where the temperature ranges between 30 and 80 degrees Celsius.

So, could the assumptions of Mundodesconocito be viable after all? Are there indeed artificial structures on the surface of Venus, the closest planet to Earth?

Considering the novel findings of ESA’s Express probe, where freezing temperatures exist on a hellish planet such as Venus, there could be other surprisingly aspects waiting to be discovered.

The planet has plenty of odd elements that exceed our understanding for the time being, meaning that there’s still plenty to learn about the rocky, cloud-encapsulated world of Venus.

There’s a slim chance for those structures to have an artificial nature, and NASA wouldn’t probably reveal an entire alien city so close to the Earth if it were really there.

However, there’s plenty of room left for speculation, so better filter the information and form your own opinions. The truth is somewhere out there.

The map of Venus used by researchers can be found here.